General information about shipping on pallets

What is a pallet?

In simple terms it is a portable platform for handling, storing, or moving materials and packages (as in warehouses, factories, or vehicles).

How are pallets made?

Pallets are usually made of wood, but there are also some made of plastic and even carton. Of the wooden pallets, many are made of real wood, cut to size, and often glued together with nails or staples.

What are the benefits of plastic pallets?

Although plastic pallets are normally more expensive, they can be a better choice if you need to store things in a dry and bacteria-free environment. They are also highly resistant to chemicals and suitable for most acids, chemicals, and solvents.

What is the average weight of pallets?

A standard wooden pallet with dimensions of 120×80 (cm) usually weighs about 15 to 20 kg. A pressed wood pallet measuring 120×80 (cm) with a load capacity of 350 kg weighs about 9 kg. A heavy-duty plastic pallet of 120×80 (cm) weighs about 10 kg. There are alternatives, for example, cardboard and styrofoam, which weigh much less. However, the problem with these pallets is that they can usually be used only once.

What is a heat-treated pallet?

Heat treatment is a method of preventing insect infestations and other natural contaminants in wooden pallets. This is a vital step for pallets used for export purposes. Furthermore, heat treatment is critical to protecting wood products and all materials and people who come in contact with wood products. Having your wooden pallets heat treated is the best way to ensure a safe and hygienic workplace.

In fact, heat treatment of pallets is essential and is regulated by the International Phytosanitary Standard for Wood Packaging – ISPM15, which is currently approved by the entire European Union.

Source: EPAL

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The European Pallet Association (EPAL)

The most common pallet dimensions are:

Dimensions
(W × L) millimetres

Dimensions
(W × L) inches

Most used in

1016 × 1219

40.00 × 48.00

North America

1000 × 1200

39.37 × 47.24

Europe, Asia

1165 × 1165

45.9 × 45.9

Australia

1067 × 1067

42.00 × 42.00

North America, Europe, Asia

1100 × 1100

43.30 × 43.30

Asia

800 × 1200

31.50 × 47.24

Europe

Loading Meter
Calculator

A loading meter is the standard unit of measurement for transport by truck and is being used as a calculation unit for the goods that have to be transported but cannot be stacked.

One loading meter is 1 meter of loading space of a truck’s length.

What does a loading meter mean?

When the approximate width of a truck is 2.4 m, 1 loading meter is approximately 2.4 m² (2.4 m wide x 1 m long).

The general size of trucks in Europe

In Europe the general length for trucks is 13.5 meters.

How many pallets fit in a truck?

There is room for 33 euro pallets or 26 block/industrial pallets per truck.

Dimensions of the most commonly used pallets: mini pallets (80×60), europallets (80×120) and block pallets (100×120).

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